Greely : Fact Sheet
Overview and History:
Fort Greely, located off the Richardson Highway about five miles
south of Delta Junction in the interior of Alaska, is the primary site
of the U.S. Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD) system. GMD is part
of a layered missile defense system for the U.S. and its allies. It is
designed to intercept and destroy a hostile missile during the
mid-course phase of its flight. Other missile defense systems are
designed to destroy a hostile missile shortly after launch or at high
altitudes during its terminal phase.
Fort Greely was first established in 1904 as an Army telegraph
station. In 1942, it was developed as one of a series of airfields in
Canada and Alaska to refuel U.S.-built fighter aircraft being flown to
Russia under the Lend-Lease program. Shortly after World War II, it
became the Army’s center for testing military equipment and training
soldiers in arctic conditions.
In 1997, Fort Greely was listed for closure under the Department of
Defense’ Base Realignment and Closure program. While in the process of
being down-sized, the fort was identified as a potential missile
defense site. In 2003, the White House announced that the U.S. would
begin deploying a set of missile defense capabilities in 2004,
including a missile complex at Fort Greely. Today, nine GMD
interceptors are based at Fort Greely.
Fort Greely Mission
Fort Greely’s primary mission is to provide logistical and security
support to GMD operations on the installation. It also provides
support services to the Army’s Cold Regions Test Center and the
Northern Warfare Training Center based at Fort Wainwright near
Fairbanks. Fort Greely also has a garrison mission to maintain
facilities and provide services similar to a small city: roads, sewer
and waste disposal, drinking water, and police and fire protection.
The garrison mission also includes providing housing, dining,
transportation, recreation, and education programs and facilities for
personnel living and working on Fort Greely.
Fort Greely Statistics
Fort Greely today consists of about 7,200 acres,
including the Allen Army Airfield and the GMD missile defense complex.
Other Army training lands bordering Fort Greely (Donnelly Training
Area) are under the control of Fort Wainwright.
Today, personnel working at Fort Greely include about two hundred
military and over a thousand civilian personnel, including contractor
employees. Close to two hundred military family members live in family
quarters on the installation. Fort Greely’s military and federal
civilian payroll was estimated at close to $20 million for the fiscal
year ending in September 2005 (FY05). Military construction during
FY05 has been estimated at over $45 million.
Prepared by Fort Greely Public Affairs Office, 9 Jan. 2006
Delta-USARAK Memorandum of
Agreement for Eddy Drop Zone
Approving MOA with USARAK